Can you think about going plastic-free? A life with out plastic? In some ways, it’s the signature materials of contemporary civilization. Plastic seems in our buildings, home equipment, instruments, computer systems, utensils, containers, athletic tools, toys, video games, artwork provides, and clothes. It protects our produce and covers our leftovers. It permits us to move and retailer cleansing provides, skincare merchandise, and drinks.

And it will get into our our bodies, usually by means of the water we drink and the meals we eat. In 2019, a examine by WWF International concluded we eat the equal of 1 bank card in plastic a week, with plastic infused consuming water and shellfish being the most important culprits. The examine additionally discovered that the common American, each ten years, consumes greater than 5 kilos of plastic.

Plastic is in all places as a result of it’s so helpful. The phrase means “pliable and easily shaped,” which is strictly what excited its inventors. Plastic might be molded into nearly any form; the one pure supplies that may do the identical are clay and glass. And they’re heavy, fragile, and labor-intensive to mildew.

The first plastics had been seen as environmental good guys. Celluloid, invented in 1869, met the demand for billiard balls that didn’t require the slaughter of elephants for his or her ivory tusks.

Over the following many years, chemists looked for extra miracle supplies that would liberate humankind from its have to plunder nature. The first totally artificial plastic, containing no molecules present in nature, was created in 1907. Bakelite (a a lot friendlier phrase than its chemical title, polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride) changed shellac (a resin secreted by the feminine lac bug on timber within the forests of India and Thailand) as insulation for the rising electrical trade.

The plastic frenzy continued, with new formulations of polymers coming into the commercial provide chain each few years. Now, as a consequence, we’re a world awash in plastic. Except as an alternative of saving the world from human want and greed, our plastic proliferation now threatens to destroy biodiversity and poison the very setting we thought we had been defending. Not to say what it’s doing to our our bodies and our well being.

In 2020, a staff led by Emily Elhacham, on the Weizmann Institute of Science, in Rehovot, Israel, concluded that we now have 9 gigatons of plastic on the planet — greater than double the mixed weight of all of the animals on earth.

Why We Need to Reduce Our Plastic Usage

woman cleaning microplastics from sand

It’s so ubiquitous, it’s really arduous to conceive of a plastic-free life. Sadly, simply once we all needs to be taking lively measures to remove single-use plastics from our lives, the pandemic has dramatically elevated their use. Masks and gloves, supermarkets requiring clients to make use of throwaway plastic purchasing luggage moderately than carry their very own, and the proliferation of take-out and ready meals are all placing extra pressure on the world.

Yet, if we don’t considerably cut back our dependence on plastic, particularly single-use plastic that constitutes 50% of the 300 million tons of plastic produced every year, we face a future of accelerating environmental degradation and compromised well being.

Plastic doesn’t break down like different natural waste. Instead, it turns into microplastics. Some of those are eaten by tiny fish and journey up the meals chain. Plastic waste kills as much as a million seabirds, 100 thousand sea mammals, marine turtles, and numerous fish every year. Of course, this impacts people, too.  The 2019 WWF International examine discovered that over a lifetime, Americans in the present day every eat about 20kg (44 lb) of microplastic.

Plastic used for packaging additionally has deeply regarding endocrine-disrupting and carcinogenic results. Packaging usually accommodates BPA and different compounds, leaving us with a lot to be involved about.

Since we actually do have a lot to be involved about, I need to focus this text on options. If you need to know extra about how plastic harms your well being and the setting, try our in-depth article, “Why It’s Time to Move Beyond Plastic.” If you’d desire a technically-written scientific article that makes use of phrases like “increased adiposity” to imply “putting on fat,” try this 2011 “Public health impacts of plastics” overview from the Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

While it might be arduous to go 100% plastic-free, we are able to every take steps to cut back our plastic footprint with progressive approaches to meals, private care, and cleansing. Meanwhile, a extra environmentally clever science is seeking to innovate new substances that biodegrade in a protected method.

Reducing Plastic Outside the Home

plastic vs non-plastic, cotton grocery bags Photo

While it might seem to be we’ve little to no management over our use of plastic outdoors our houses, there are literally a variety of issues we are able to do to considerably cut back the quantity of plastic waste we produce.

Buying groceries

Many fruits and veggies are offered in plastic luggage or with plastic wrap over plastic or cardboard bins. If potential, purchase unfastened produce and place it in reusable produce luggage. You can discover natural cotton luggage, or if you wish to splurge, think about silicone luggage. They can price a greenback or two per small bag when purchased in a set, and upwards of $20 for a half-gallon-sized bag, however can final a LONG time and are washable. They’re additionally see-through, like plastic, so that you gained’t must guess what’s inside them.

If silicone luggage aren’t your bag (pun supposed), you can too reuse the common plastic produce luggage as an alternative of throwing them within the rubbish. Just rinse and dry them between makes use of. (You also can go down a deep arts and crafts rabbit gap by trying to find “DIY plastic bag drying rack.”)

For fragile produce like berries and tomatoes, you should use recycled paper containers, paper luggage, or retailer them in see-through glass containers with plastic lids.

You also can store at institutions that don’t rely so closely on plastic packagings, resembling farmers markets, U-pick farms, and CSAs. More and extra shops are providing zero-waste choices for purchasing (in case you’re within the US, right here’s a searchable listing for such shops close to you).

In addition, most of the corporations that ship produce bins use cardboard, which is recyclable, moderately than plastic. And after all, one of the best reply is nearly at all times (drum roll, please)… to develop your individual in a yard meals backyard. Or in your kitchen sink (see our article about rising sprouts in your kitchen, right here).

Bagging groceries

When bagging your groceries, you might have a few choices aside from disposable plastic luggage. You can ask for paper luggage, if the shop carries them, which you’ll reuse, recycle, and even shred and compost on your backyard. Paper luggage aren’t a great resolution, as their manufacture creates much more air pollution than plastic, and makes use of timber, which needs to be left alone to soak up carbon, present us with oxygen to breathe, and struggle local weather change. You also can hold some reusable luggage in your automotive (or bike basket, if that’s the way you roll) and convey them into the market.

Be conscious that as of this writing, some shops are prohibiting private luggage for concern of spreading COVID-19. When Trader Joe’s doesn’t enable outdoors luggage, they provide the choice of returning all of the meals to your purchasing cart so you possibly can bag it your self outdoors. Some shops, like Costco, supply cardboard bins for carrying your haul from the checkout counter to the car parking zone.


Woman filling a glass container in the bulk foods section of a store

Even in case you put all of your purchasing into reusable, natural hemp luggage grown on the south aspect of a mountain and within the shadow of a vegan Zen monastery, you’ve nonetheless obtained to cope with the truth that most packaged objects use plastic.

When shopping for liquids or spreads, search for choices that are available glass moderately than plastic. You ought to be capable of discover glass jars of tomato sauce, jam, salsa, and nut butters, amongst different issues.

For dried items resembling pasta, beans, grains, and mixes, search for paper or cardboard packaging. If potential, store at shops with bulk bins and convey your individual reusable luggage or containers for nuts, seeds, grains, dried legumes, cereal mixes, and dried fruit. Since you’ll be paying by weight, you’ll want to subtract the load of the container from the total weight of the container and the contents you’re shopping for. The easiest method to do that is to weigh the container whereas empty (that is referred to as the “tare” weight), and make be aware of the load so the cashier can subtract it from what you simply crammed it with.

Some manufacturers have made a robust dedication to lowering their plastic footprint. If you want their merchandise, think about changing into brand-loyal to those corporations. Some names you could be acquainted with embody Loving Earth, No Evil Foods, Numi Tea, and Eden Foods.

The gold star method right here is to cut back your reliance on packaged items as a lot as potential. You can simply make your individual pickles, plant-based milk, dairy-free yogurt (VitaClay makes a principally plastic-free yogurt maker), sauces, dips, condiments, and spreads. Not solely are they higher for the setting, however they’ll even be a lot tastier, and might be a enjoyable, family-friendly mission. Just make certain to retailer your creations in glass jars and use them up earlier than they go dangerous.


You won’t take into consideration paper receipts as a supply of plastic, however since retail point-of-sale registers switched to thermal paper (that skinny, slippery stuff you could’t learn 20 minutes after it was printed), you’re getting a dose of dangerous BPA coating with each transaction. If you want a receipt, ask if they’ve a digital choice. If you don’t want a receipt, let the cashier know as quickly as they begin ringing you up.


Plastic-free utensils and drinkware Siiankovskaia

Here are some ideas that can assist you reduce down on packaging at eating places. This is particularly necessary in case you are ordering take-out.


If you get a take-out drink, it in all probability comes with a plastic straw. Or a number of. While straw bans have been criticized for specializing in such a small a part of the plastic drawback (and for shaming particular person shoppers moderately than the commercial giants who manufacture the stuff), it seems that single-use plastic straws are the truth is a important a part of the plastic waste drawback, with a median of half a billion used — and tossed — every day within the US.

The resolution is to specify no straw if you place your order. If you really need one, then see if they’ve paper straws. Or you possibly can carry your individual reusable straw, product of stainless-steel or glass.

Coffee Cups

If you frequent espresso outlets, see if they’ll put your drink in a reusable espresso cup that you simply carry with you. You can get a stainless-steel thermos, a glass, or a mug. If they gained’t fill yours, ask them to omit a plastic lid to keep away from the waste. If they aren’t in a position to do this, then pour a scorching drink into your container as quickly as potential. You’ll need to hold the recent drinks from touching the plastic lid, which is able to leach nasty chemical substances into the beverage.


Whenever potential, carry your individual take-out containers to the restaurant, and ask the kitchen or wait employees to fill them for you. You can discover such containers product of stainless-steel, silicone (these collapsible ones are tremendous handy on the go), and glass. Here’s an article about meals storage container suggestions.

Say no to plastic utensils if you order to-go, particularly in case you’re going to eat at dwelling. For deliveries, many meals apps assist you to select “no utensils” to save lots of on pointless single-use plastic. (As of this writing, many distributors nonetheless present plastic utensils whether or not you need them or not. Beyond Plastics sponsored a petition asking supply providers’ default to be no added utensils until requested. To signal the petition, click on right here.).

When you eat out, you possibly can plan forward and convey your individual utensils (right here’s a reusable bamboo journey set and another choices, together with the well-known spork), or hold a few packs of reusable chopsticks in your “glove” compartment.

Non-Food Shopping

When searching for family, craft, or present objects, or attire, carry your individual purchasing luggage. You can use the identical ones you carry to the grocery store or get sturdier and extra trendy tote luggage. It may also help to purchase native moderately than ordering on-line, to cut back the plastic delivery supplies and different transportation prices. If you possibly can supply the merchandise you’re in search of from an artisan market, craft honest, or small native enterprise — bonus factors! Handmade objects are much less possible to make use of plastic of their designs or packaging. And lastly, think about purchasing at (and donating items to) thrift shops or making your individual items. The craftier you grow to be, the much less plastic you utilize.

Reducing Plastic at Home

Woman making almond milk in a blender Chudakova

Reducing single-use plastic consumption outdoors the house can hold mountains of trash out of our landfills, oceans, and rivers. But if we need to defend ourselves from the unwell results of plastic on our particular person well being, we even have to concentrate to all of the methods plastic can get into our our bodies — even in our personal houses. We have handled our oceans and rivers like rubbish dumps, with the consequence that even wild fish might be closely contaminated.  (And farmed fish is usually worse.)

We can take up poisonous plastic in our meals and drinks, in addition to by means of private care merchandise. In normal, the most important drawback is warmth. When plastic comes into contact with scorching foods and drinks, chemical substances leach out of the plastic and might wind up within the physique of whoever consumes the meals or drink.


Many home equipment put plastic in touch with scorching meals. Consider investing in home equipment that use safer supplies of their development.


Blenders and occasional makers are two prime culprits. Many blenders have plastic containers as a result of they’re shatterproof, and might deal with the blades spinning at excessive speeds. While this could be OK for a frozen dessert or chilly smoothie, it’s not a good concept to mix a scorching soup or sauce in a plastic container. There are some manufacturers and fashions that use glass containers, resembling these. Vitamix additionally not too long ago got here out with a expensive however efficient stainless-steel container. Most Vitamix containers are made with a BPA-free Tritan copolymer. While that is an enchancment over virtually all different types of plastic, BPA-free might not be useful in the case of avoiding estrogenic plastics. For mixing scorching soups, think about using a stainless-steel immersion blender, like this one.

Coffee Makers

Coffee makers, likewise, pose the issue of plastic touching a scorching liquid. Many drip espresso makers — the preferred at-home espresso home equipment — use plastic components. Here are a few espresso makers that use stainless-steel and/or glass rather than plastic:

Electric Cookers

Electric cookers of varied sorts can carry plastic into contact with warmth. Most rice cookers, for instance, have some type of plastic, non-stick floor on the cooker insert. This Aroma Rice Cooker is one in every of a few with a non-coated stainless-steel inside.

Multi-cookers, which mix the performance of strain cookers, gradual cookers, rice cookers, and so forth, can be a supply of heat-transferred plastic chemical substances in your meals. Look for manufacturers like Instant Pot, which provides stainless-steel containers that aren’t non-stick coated. Likewise, VitaClay cookers don’t have the meals contact plastic both, choosing a stoneware floor to return in touch with the cooking meals.


Dishwashers are additionally a supply of plastic contamination in case you aren’t cautious. The two easy guidelines to stop heated plastic particles from aerosolizing within the steam of a dishwasher cycle are: don’t put plastic within the dishwasher, and use plastic-free dishwashing cleaning soap. All plastic utensils, cups, and containers needs to be hand washed if reused, particularly in case you usually use a heated cycle within the dishwasher for laundry or drying. And to exchange these plastic dishwasher tabs which have grow to be so widespread, you should use liquid dishwasher cleaning soap, or Ecover makes a number of dishwasher detergent tabs that are available a cardboard field.

If it’s time to exchange your dishwasher, otherwise you’re eager to get one, search for a mannequin with a stainless-steel inside. Not solely will this remove plastic leaching into the water and air, however they’re quieter, and their drying cycles are faster and due to this fact, extra energy-efficient.


For your subsequent fridge, search for a stainless-steel selection with glass moderately than plastic cabinets. These fashions are costlier, however can really be cheaper in the long term because of the longevity of stainless-steel and glass vs plastic.

Plant Milk Making Supplies

Although not as frequent as a few of the different kitchen home equipment talked about, you might have considered trying the choice to cut back plastic waste by making your individual plant-based milk. Most milk containers comprise at the least some plastic (together with Tetra Pak cartons, which have polyethylene layers). And whereas there are a few manufacturers that do supply old school glass bottles, like Los Angeles-based Mylkman, they’re not frequent.

Fortunately, there are plastic-free options to creating your individual plant-based milk at dwelling. You can do the handbook soaking, mixing, and straining approach, which makes use of a blender and nut milk bag (select cotton or hemp to keep away from any plastic), or the sooner and simpler resolution: a nut milk maker. Almond Cow provides a stainless-steel plant-based milk maker. It can whip up 5 to 6 cups of milk from the nut, seed, legume or entire grain of your selection with the press of a button. They additionally supply glass milk bottles to retailer your selfmade milk in. Check it out right here. (Use the code FOODREVOLUTION for a particular low cost.)

Kitchen Tools

An straightforward and cheap technique to cut back your publicity to plastic is by additionally changing plastic utensils and kitchen instruments. Look for stainless-steel, silicone, or wood spatulas, spoons, tongs, and measuring cups. They can considerably cut back the variety of instances your meals comes into contact with plastic.

Food Storage

Stainless steel food storage container with fruit (plastic-free) Gorosko

Food storage is one other low hanging fruit in the case of minimizing plastic. Since the age of Tupperware events, folks have been storing their produce and leftovers in plastic containers with “burpable” lids. While eliminating plastic solely is good, if that’s not potential for you, then prioritize storing heat and scorching meals in non-plastic containers. There are high-quality stainless units, and many glass containers. These latter meals storage containers usually have snap-on plastic lids, however I believe they’re fairly protected so long as the meals has cooled down earlier than you seal them, and the meals doesn’t come into contact with the lid.

Alternatively, some folks use cotton impregnated with beeswax as a moldable lid. For vegans who don’t use beeswax, right here is a good vary of vegan beeswax wrap analogs.

Other plastic-free methods of storing meals embody reusable pouches product of silicone or cotton, Furoshiki wraps (which you should use for items, or to wrap sandwiches and different transportable meals), and cotton bowl covers.

Personal Care Items

As you’ve little question heard many instances earlier than, your pores and skin is your largest organ. And it’s the one which has essentially the most fixed contact together with your setting. Your pores and skin has advanced over tens of millions of years to deal appropriately with the supplies round you. Some get absorbed, and others get rejected. But the artificial polymers that make up the assorted sorts of plastic in the environment can idiot our pores and skin’s gatekeeper operate, permitting dangerous substances into our physique. That’s why it’s so ultimate to keep away from private care and wonder merchandise that are available plastic containers.

Whenever potential, select lotions, shampoos, conditioners, pastes, and lotions in glass or recycled paper packaging. If you possibly can’t discover a model you want, attempt making your individual. DIY variations of lotions and toothpastes are straightforward to seek out on-line and might be produced from frequent family components like oils and baking soda. Here’s a selfmade toothpaste recipe to get you began. (Disclaimer: It could also be advisable to seek the advice of together with your dentist earlier than making modifications to your oral hygiene routine.)

Menstrual merchandise are one other instance of plastics — and even worse chemical substances resembling dioxins — coming into contact with physique components, not in a great way. The common menstrual pad accommodates as a lot plastic as 4 grocery store purchasing luggage, in addition to different hormone disruptors. You can exchange pads and tampons with reusable cotton material pads or menstrual cups product of food-grade silicone (Both can be found on the market, or you possibly can DIY your individual material pads). Keep in thoughts that there’s a likelihood of growing poisonous shock syndrome with the menstrual cups, simply as with tampons, in the event that they aren’t emptied and cleaned ceaselessly sufficient.

Cleaning Supplies

It’s ironic that the very merchandise we rely on to wash our houses contribute a lot air pollution, each to our houses themselves and to the landfills the place the empty containers find yourself. You can remove single-use plastic containers by making your individual cleansing merchandise, together with bar cleaning soap, all-purpose spray cleaner, and laundry detergent.  You also can discover plastic-free sponges and cleansing brushes.

Some corporations, resembling Supernatural, remove waste by promoting cleansing merchandise in refillable glass bottles. And some manufacturers even supply refills for his or her cleansing merchandise, so you possibly can constantly reuse the offered bottle and additional cut back waste. One such firm, MyGreenFills, provides a non-toxic, multi-purpose, on a regular basis cleaner out there for on-line subscription buy, in addition to an array of extra dwelling cleansing merchandise. As of the writing of this text, they’re providing 63% off and free refills with each order — no subscription required. Check it out, right here.

Going Mostly Plastic-Free

No plastic is fantastic paper bags

While it might appear daunting, you do have the facility to go principally, if not completely, plastic-free. I like to recommend scanning the solutions on this article once more and in search of the one or two modifications you may make that can have the most important impression in your plastic consumption. Maybe it’s discovering a couple of manufacturers of zero-waste laundry or dishwasher tablets. Perhaps shopping for a set of containers to exchange all of the plastic take-out packaging you now toss inside 20 minutes of consuming. And then search for the subsequent swap. Apply the 80-20 rule, and goal to remove 80% of the plastic out of your life with 20% of the trouble or sacrifice.

Or, in case you really feel sufficiently motivated (maybe by a mixture of private self-interest and environmental concern), go all the best way. Sometimes it might require extra analysis, or a small upfront funding in reusable merchandise or DIY variations. But don’t make the right the enemy of the great. Start the place you might be. You don’t must eliminate all of the plastic in your life without delay. Every step you soak up that path is best for each your well being and the setting.

Tell us within the feedback:

  • What data on this article stunned you essentially the most?
  • What’s one easy factor you are able to do to make use of much less plastic in your life?
  • What do you have already got in your kitchen or dwelling that you should use in another way to cut back plastic waste?

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